1. What was the chief goal of the Compromise of 1850?
to resolve Texas's statehood issues
to preserve the Union
to improve the economy in both the North and the South
to preserve the balance between slave states and free states
2. What theory promoted by Stephen Douglas would allow the people of a territory to allow or forbid slavery? (Points: 3)
3. What legislation attempted to satisfy the southern demand to maintain a balance in the Senate between free states and slave states?
Fugitive Slave Act
Citizens Choice Act of 1854
4. What political party was formed by uniting several northern antislavery coalitions? (Points: 3)
5. Who did not believe slavery should be abolished? (Points: 3)
William Lloyd Garrison
6. Which group describes the elements of the Supreme Court decision in the Dred Scott case?
7. What helped bring Abraham Lincoln to national prominence? (Points: 3)
his debates with Stephen Douglas
the Dred Scott decision
his willingness to campaign for James Buchanan
his efforts to abolish slavery
8. What was not an element of Abraham Lincoln's platform in 1860?
stopping the spread of slavery
building a transcontinental railroad
passing a homestead act for western settlement
reducing tariffs on foreign goods
9. What was one reason South Carolina gave for its decision to secede? (Points: 3)
to avoid paying federal taxes
to uphold the rights of property owners
to break its contract with the federal government
to form its own military
10. What were Michigan, Minnesota, Iowa, and Oregon part of during the Civil War? (Points: 3)
11. Which border state's loyalty to the Union was critical to keeping Washington, D.C. from being surrounded by the Confederacy?
12. Which is accurate in regard to the North's and the South's strengths at the beginning of the Civil War?
The North's well-established government gave it a distinct advantage.
The South produced the vast majority of food crops in the United States.
The North had numerous experienced military officers to lead its army.
The South's superior railroads gave it a distinct advantage.
13. Which was not a strength of the North at the beginning of the Civil War? (Points: 3)
ability to manufacture firearms
a standing army
miles of railroad tracks
several military colleges
14. Who were George McClellan, Winfield Scott, and John Pope?
Confederate military leaders
military leaders from border states
Union military leaders
military leaders from organized territories
15. What was the result of the Confederate attack on Fort Sumter, South Carolina, on April 12, 1861?
President Lincoln and President Davis held a series of talks to avert war and settle the issues.
The Civil War began and President Lincoln called up militia to help put down the rebellion.
The Union forces repelled the attack.
The Civil War began and President Davis sent troops to Richmond.
16. What had Abraham Lincoln expected before the First Battle of Bull Run? (Points: 3)
The South could easily be defeated.
He would have to recruit many more soldiers.
Slaves would rebel and join the Northern forces.
The Union could continue with both free states and slave states.
17. What strategy could the North implement as a result of victories at Hampton Roads, Shiloh, and New Orleans?
controlling Southern trade routes
holding leaders hostage to exchange for weapons
breaking up the Confederacy by getting Virginia and Louisiana to rejoin the Union
forcing Jefferson Davis to begin a series of peace talks with Abraham Lincoln
18. What happened when newer, more accurate weapons were used against close-order formations at Antietam?
The South won and moved north to Gettysburg.
The North won and quickly followed Lee's troops into Virginia.
Both sides suffered huge losses.